Law: Enforcement: Iran and Afghanistan
(1,220 words)

iran

Long-term prisons in Iran were established in the twentieth century. The replacement of corporal punishment with prolonged incarceration was part of the modernization process in which the traditional dual judicial system of Sharīʿa (religious) courts and ʿurf (secular) courts was being transformed into a uniform one. Yet some components ascribed to modernity go back to the unique case of Qur…

Cite this page
Ahmadi, Jale, “Law: Enforcement: Iran and Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 17 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0110b>
First published online: 2009



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