Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Law: Enforcement: Iran and Afghanistan
(1,220 words)


Long-term prisons in Iran were established in the twentieth century. The replacement of corporal punishment with prolonged incarceration was part of the modernization process in which the traditional dual judicial system of Sharīʿa (religious) courts and ʿurf (secular) courts was being transformed into a uniform one. Yet some components ascribed to modernity go back to the unique case of Qurrat al-…

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Ahmadi, Jale, “Law: Enforcement: Iran and Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 09 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0110b>
First published online: 2009

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