Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Migration: Internal Displacement: Iran and Afghanistan
(1,183 words)

Internally displaced women are subjected to specific gender-based violence, pressures, and constraints during and after conflict.


History of internally displaced women

The Iran–Iraq war had a deep impact on Iranian families and women. Women became heads of household on a massive scale. Some women had to leave their cities for safer places and became internally displaced people. Evacuation was constant and women from rural areas close to the fighting were put under heavy stress. Public services were de…

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Engeland, Anisseh Van, “Migration: Internal Displacement: Iran and Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0265b>
First published online: 2009

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