Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Migration: Policies and Laws: Eastern Europe
(1,890 words)

Introduction: three types of migration

Eastern Europe has long been affected by migration. Policy analysts identify three general types of migration, each of which has a gender dimension, and each of which has a particular impact on Muslim women. These are forced migration, voluntary migration, and reluctant migration.

Forced migration includes those situations whereby populations have no option but to move. In re…

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Mertus, Julie, “Migration: Policies and Laws: Eastern Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 09 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0268b>
First published online: 2009

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