(3,407 words)

Like its monotheistic siblings, Islam is a patriarchal religion. God (Allah) is believed to be utterly transcendent and beyond human attributes, yet the masculine pronoun is used for God, and the social structure reflected in both the revealed and institutional sources is male dominated. As in Western society, this patriarchal heritage has three implications for the status of women in Islamic ph…

Cite this page
Sonn, Tamara, “Philosophy”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 14 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2009

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