Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Political Parties and Participation: Iran
(497 words)

Iranian women participated in the events leading to the Constitutional Revolution of 1905/6. Their numbers were few but their involvement signaled a break with the past when women, except occasional women of the court, did not participate in the public life of the country.

Women formed societies (anjumans) and women's discussion groups, some of which included men. They founded schools for girls and published magazines both in Tehran and the provinces. These constituted spaces for women's political participation as well. They discussed women'…

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Esfandiari, Haleh, “Political Parties and Participation: Iran”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 28 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0125e>
First published online: 2009

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