Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Political-Social Movements: Ethnic and Minority: Iran and Afghanistan
(1,602 words)

In Afghanistan and Iran markers of group distinction – nationality, ethnicity, religion, language, and race – intertwine in complex ways, and interact with gender, class, and socioeconomic formations such as nomadism, tribalism, and feudalism.

The relative sizes of Afghanistan's ethnic groups have changed in the wake of the internal wars that began in the late 1970s and have turned the country into an international war zone. In the absence of reliab…

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Hassanpour, Amir, “Political-Social Movements: Ethnic and Minority: Iran and Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0128a>
First published online: 2009

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