Political-Social Movements: Islamist Movements and Discourses: Mashriq, Egypt, and North Africa
(2,533 words)

Just as there are differences within any political ideology and movement, Islamism also embodies various competing streams of thought and modalities of engagement. Although all these share the ultimate objective of Islamizing (rendering more Islamic through the application of Sharīʿa law) both the state institutions and legislation, as well as the society as a whole, they differ radically as to the methods they employ.

Fundamentalism and rising religious extremism are not one and the same phenomenon. Originally, “fundamentalism” was coined to define a Chris…

Cite this page
Karam, Azza M., “Political-Social Movements: Islamist Movements and Discourses: Mashriq, Egypt, and North Africa”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 20 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0130d>
First published online: 2009



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