Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Political-Social Movements: Revolutionary: Sub-Saharan Africa: Eritrea
(1,862 words)

Women played a central role in Eritrea's 30-year war for independence from Ethiopia, which annexed the former Italian colony in the 1960s, but their post-independence participation in public life presents a mixed record. By the nationalist victory in 1991, they made up nearly a third of the 95,000 – strong Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and 13 percent of the frontline fighters in what had been the longest-running conflict in modern African history – a conflict characterized by remarka…

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Connell, Dan, “Political-Social Movements: Revolutionary: Sub-Saharan Africa: Eritrea”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 22 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0135h>
First published online: 2009

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