Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Race, Gender, and Difference: Western Europe
(1,744 words)


Muslim women of immigrant origin have had a particular experience in Europe as the interplay between gender and their ethnic and religious backgrounds has presented obstacles from both external society and from within the Muslim family structure itself.

Research about Muslim identity in Europe suggests that younger generations of Muslim women might increasingly be drawing on Islam as a positive …

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Hashmi, Nadia, “Race, Gender, and Difference: Western Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0140d>
First published online: 2009

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