Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Religious Practices: Preaching and Women Preachers: Tajikistan
(5,952 words)


There have been active female religious figures for centuries in the territory of Mawaranahr (modern-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, southern Kyrgyzstan, and southwest Kazakhstan). A variety of terms are used to describe the same social institution, such as bibi otun/otin, bi- -otin/otun, bu-otin, bibi khalifa/halfa/holpa, oy (u) bibi mullo, otyncha, otin-bucha, and ot…

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Anna Cieślewska, “Religious Practices: Preaching and Women Preachers: Tajikistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 28 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_COM_002194>
First published online: 2019

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