Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Religious Practices: Waqf: Ottoman Empire
(3,651 words)

Exercising the right given to them by Sharīʿa law to own and dispose of property in their own name, women in Islamic societies regularly used their personal assets to establish waqfs from the early years of Islam. In Ottoman times, women across the socioeconomic spectrum created endowments, managed them, rented properties belonging to waqfs, and were named beneficiaries of waqf revenues.

Creating their own endowments legally empowered women in decisive ways and gave them the means to reach deeply into society. As endowers, it enabled them to decide the lo…

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Deguilhem, Randi, “Religious Practices: Waqf: Ottoman Empire”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 08 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0618e>
First published online: 2009

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