Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Reproduction: Medicalization of: Arab States
(945 words)

Starting in the nineteenth century and continuing until the present, a process of medicalization has transformed pregnancy and childbirth in Arab states. The displacement of traditional birth attendants by obstetricians and institution-trained midwives, surveillance of pregnancy by medical professionals, a shift in the location of childbirth from the home to institutional settings, and an increase in the number of obstetrical interventions characterize this process of medicalization.

During the nineteenth century, one of the most significant events in the medi…

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Stimler, M. Suzanne, “Reproduction: Medicalization of: Arab States”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 19 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0193a>
First published online: 2009



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