Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Reproduction: Medicalization of: South Asia
(2,482 words)

The medicalization of women's everyday life and bodily functions is a globalized process. It occurs when what has been considered a normal biological function or social issue is seen as a medical problem requiring a medical solution. Such medicalization is a key component of the modernization process throughout the world (Illich 1976, Madan 1980), and is a process wherein medical expertise has become “the relevant basis of decision making in more and more settings” (Frank 1992). The term medicalization is also often used to refer to a process of…

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Towghi, Fouzieyha, “Reproduction: Medicalization of: South Asia”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0193c>
First published online: 2009

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