Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Science and Nation: Arab States
(1,118 words)

While science – institutionalized research on the natural world – is central to modern nation-building, unequal access for women and men to scientific knowledge and professionalization continues to characterize Arab countries. Amira El-Azhary Sonbol (2003) notes that codification and centralization of legal authority distinguishes the citizenship rights of male Egyptians from those of female Egyptians. Such observations might also be extended to “big science,” noting that scientific research acc…

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Bishop, Elizabeth, “Science and Nation: Arab States”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 02 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0197a>
First published online: 2009

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