Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Secularism: Iran
(1,107 words)

Gender has worked as a key category in defining the secularism of Iranian modernity. Iranian politics of modernity, since the mid-nineteenth century, has been marked by the emergence of a spectrum of nationalist and Islamist discourses. Within that spectrum, one notion of Iranian modernity took Europe as its model of progress and civilization ( taraqqī va tamaddun ) – the two central terms of that discourse – and increasingly combined that urge with recovery of pre-Islamic Iranianism. Other trends sought to combine their nationalism with Islam, by pro…

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Najmabadi, Afsaneh, “Secularism: Iran”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 03 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0144c>
First published online: 2009

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