Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Secularism: Turkey
(1,363 words)

Secularism in Turkey has been closely intertwined with discourses and practices of Westernization, modernity, and nationalism. Secularization efforts date back to the nineteenth century, when the Ottoman state granted complete equality before the law to all subjects regardless of their religious creed. The subsequent modernization reforms gradually contributed to the emergence of Turkish proto-nationalisms at the end of the century. Although the nationalists had different stands on the degree a…

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Keskin-Kozat, Burçak, “Secularism: Turkey”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 28 November 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0144e>
First published online: 2009

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