Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Slavery: North Africa
(1,300 words)

The topic of women, gender and slavery in North Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt) is still a new field, although there is a rich body of evidence of the practice of slavery in this region as influenced by Islam since the seventh century. The sources are scattered but abundant in many fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) books, legal registers, travel accounts, and official colonial documents in the North African, British, French, Portuguese, and Spanish archives.

Female slavery is even less researched. Early exceptions include Abd al-Wahed (1931), while more…

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Hamel, Chouki El , “Slavery: North Africa”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0278b>
First published online: 2009

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