Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Space: Domestic: Western Europe
(1,302 words)

How do Muslim immigrants in Western Europe, from countries in North Africa, Turkey, the Middle East, and Pakistan, Sunnī and Shīʿī, control patterns of gender-based living space and segregation of the sexes? Muslims who have established residence in Western Europe have brought concepts of gender-based living space with them. They have, however, given these patterns a different interpretation. This interpretation is related to their situation as minority Muslims in a majority secular society. The first generation of immigrant women remain primarily indoors in the domestic environ…

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Bartels, Edien, “Space: Domestic: Western Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 04 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0280f>
First published online: 2009

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