Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Sufi Orders and Movements: United States
(1,650 words)

In the United States Sufi orders range from universal or New Age movements whose membership is largely Euro-American to transplanted communities of recent Muslim immigrants. Other American Sufi orders are hybrids of traditional Islamic and modern Western attitudes, practices, and individuals.

To the degree that Sharīʿa-based rituals are incorporated by a particular Sufi order, gender distinctions become visibly operative in its functioning in America. In the more strictly Islamic Sufi movements such as the Naqshbandī-Ḥaqqānī order led …

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Hermansen, Marcia, “Sufi Orders and Movements: United States”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0149e>
First published online: 2009

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