International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online

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(657 words)

Volume I: National Reports 1974

P. K. Irani1

Bhutan (Drugyul) is a constitutional monarchy with the King (Druk Gyalpo) functioning as the Head of both State and Government. Till 1907 Bhutan was a theocracy with both religious and temporal powers vested in the Head Lama. An absolute monarchy was established in 1907, which was replaced by the present system in 1968. The King is appointed by the National Assembly (Tsongdu) from among the members of the Royal family and can be removed at any time by a two-t…

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P. K. Irani, “Bhutan”, in: International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online, Edited by: U. Drobnig, R. David, H. H. Egawa, R. Graveson, V. Knapp, A. T. Von Mehren, Y. Noda, S. Rozmaryn, V. M. Tschchikvadze, H. Valladão, H. Yntema, K. Zweigert. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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