International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online

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I. Definition and Terminology
(1,248 words)

Volume III: Private International Law | Chapter 7 (1988): The Law Applicable to Preliminary (Incidental) Questions

Completed in December 1986

Wilhelm Wengler

1. Factual and legal elements of a norm. – The conditions to which a norm attaches legal consequences do not consist of pure facts alone (facts of a physical kind, such as the death of a person or human acts). It may happen that the “existence” of a single legal obligation or liability, or of a complex of legal obligations or liabilities, especially in the case of a continuous relationship, such as marriage, o…

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Wilhelm Wengler, “I. Definition and Terminology”, in: International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online, Edited by: U. Drobnig, R. David, H. H. Egawa, R. Graveson, V. Knapp, A. T. Von Mehren, Y. Noda, S. Rozmaryn, V. M. Tschchikvadze, H. Valladão, H. Yntema, K. Zweigert. Consulted online on 18 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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