International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online

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I. General Introduction
(2,375 words)

Volume XIII: Business and Private Organizations | Chapter 8 (2002): Associations

Completed in July 1999; some subsequent developments in the United States are covered.

Carl Hemström

1. Organisations with and without members. – The associations considered in this chapter are sometimes referred to in the united states as non-profit organisations, which is a term that includes not only genuine member organisations (universitates personarum), but also organisations that are characterised by the fact that property has been assigned or is being assigned for the …

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Carl Hemström, “I. General Introduction”, in: International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online, Edited by: U. Drobnig, R. David, H. H. Egawa, R. Graveson, V. Knapp, A. T. Von Mehren, Y. Noda, S. Rozmaryn, V. M. Tschchikvadze, H. Valladão, H. Yntema, K. Zweigert. Consulted online on 30 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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