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I. Introduction
(776 words)

Volume VII: Contracts in General | Chapter 13 (1992): Rights of Third Parties: Third Party Beneficiaries and Assignment

Completed in September 1990

Hein Kötz

1. In the preceding chapters attention has been focused on two-party relationships. This chapter on third party beneficiaries and assignment considers the triangular relationships that arise when a third party seeks to establish that rights created under a contract have in some way been conferred on him.

Normally, the intention of persons who enter into a bilateral contract, such as a contract of sale, is that…

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Hein Kötz, “I. Introduction”, in: International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online, Edited by: U. Drobnig, R. David, H. H. Egawa, R. Graveson, V. Knapp, A. T. Von Mehren, Y. Noda, S. Rozmaryn, V. M. Tschchikvadze, H. Valladão, H. Yntema, K. Zweigert. Consulted online on 31 May 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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