International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online

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I. The Object of Protection
(21,981 words)

Volume XIV: Copyright and Industrial Property | Chapter 3 (1990): Copyright – Comparison of Law

Completed in May 1988

Stig Strömholm

A. External Criteria. Statutory Definitions and Requirements

i. Enumeration or General Definition?

1. The three elements. – Since the early 19th century at least, it is customary, in western private law, to define legal positions by referring to thre…

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Stig Strömholm, “I. The Object of Protection”, in: International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online, Edited by: U. Drobnig, R. David, H. H. Egawa, R. Graveson, V. Knapp, A. T. Von Mehren, Y. Noda, S. Rozmaryn, V. M. Tschchikvadze, H. Valladão, H. Yntema, K. Zweigert. Consulted online on 25 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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