International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online

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II. Essential Features of Present-Day World Commerce
(4,528 words)

Volume XVII: State and Economy | Chapter 21 (1989): Foreign Commerce and Investment – General Observations

Completed in March 1986

Hugo J. Hahn and Ludwich Gramlich

A. Historical Outline1

6. The true beginnings of state control of foreign commerce lie in mercantilism. It is the economic complement to the modem territory-based state mainly developed in Western Europe after the 14th century, which is characterized by the idea of a deliberate di…

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Hugo J. Hahn and Ludwich Gramlich, “II. Essential Features of Present-Day World Commerce”, in: International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online, Edited by: U. Drobnig, R. David, H. H. Egawa, R. Graveson, V. Knapp, A. T. Von Mehren, Y. Noda, S. Rozmaryn, V. M. Tschchikvadze, H. Valladão, H. Yntema, K. Zweigert. Consulted online on 30 November 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-4021_IECO_COM_172102>
First published online: 2018



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