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II. Legal Definitions of Associations
(8,197 words)

Volume XIII: Business and Private Organizations | Chapter 8 (2002): Associations

Completed in July 1999; some subsequent developments in the United States are covered.

Carl Hemström

A. Basic Conditions

10. Germany. – The german Civil Code of 1896 is still in force and, as regards associations, is largely unamended. The legislation was not intended to force these associations into any specific form, but only to provide a general framework for organisational life. Against this general background, an association (Verein…

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Carl Hemström, “II. Legal Definitions of Associations”, in: International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online, Edited by: U. Drobnig, R. David, H. H. Egawa, R. Graveson, V. Knapp, A. T. Von Mehren, Y. Noda, S. Rozmaryn, V. M. Tschchikvadze, H. Valladão, H. Yntema, K. Zweigert. Consulted online on 28 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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