International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online

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(1,568 words)

Volume I: National Reports 1977

Guido Astuti1

The birth of the Vatican (Stato della Città del Vaticano) as it is today is linked to a formal act of recognition by Italy in the typical forms of international law. It is contained in the Lateran Pact dated 11 Feb. 1929.2 This treaty put an end to the “Roman problem” which had arisen during the Italian Risorgimento (wars of unity and independence) following the annexation of the old Papal States and finally the annexation o…

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Guido Astuti, “Vatican”, in: International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online, Edited by: U. Drobnig, R. David, H. H. Egawa, R. Graveson, V. Knapp, A. T. Von Mehren, Y. Noda, S. Rozmaryn, V. M. Tschchikvadze, H. Valladão, H. Yntema, K. Zweigert. Consulted online on 05 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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