International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online

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XI. Judicial Accountability and Independence
(10,962 words)

Volume XVI: Civil Procedure | Chapter 3 (2002): The Organization of Lawyers and Judges

Completed May 1998

David S. Clark

A. The Selection and Promotion of Judges

162. A judges administrative, political, and judicial roles. – Because judges serve administrative and political roles in a legal system – using the state’s power to decide questions about a person’s life, liberty, property, or socia…

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David S. Clark, “XI. Judicial Accountability and Independence”, in: International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Online, Edited by: U. Drobnig, R. David, H. H. Egawa, R. Graveson, V. Knapp, A. T. Von Mehren, Y. Noda, S. Rozmaryn, V. M. Tschchikvadze, H. Valladão, H. Yntema, K. Zweigert. Consulted online on 22 April 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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