Philosophy in the Islamic World Online: 8th-10th Centuries

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2. The School of Athens
(1,609 words)

In Chapter 1, The Late Ancient Background

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This orientation towards Aristotle, however, was to remain a solitary exception within late ancient philosophy. At the time when Themistius was active, (Neo-) Platonism had long since established itself as dominant doctrine, in the variants developed by Plotinus, Porphyry and especially Iamblichus. This tendency was reinforced in the 5th century, when Neoplatonist views came to dominate the philosophical discourse outright. The tone was set by tw…

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Ulrich Rudolph, “2. The School of Athens”, in: Philosophy in the Islamic World Online: 8th-10th Centuries. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2017

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