Religion Past and Present

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Templar Order
(549 words)

[German Version]

(Sacra Domus Militiae Templi Hierosolimitani)

I. Beginnings

The Order of the Temple emerged c. 1118/1119 from a community of knights who lived in the milieu of the patriarch of Jerusalem – probably like the much later Knights of Malta and the Canons of the Holy Sepulcher. Under Hugues de Payns (died 1136/1137), they dedicated themselves to the protection of pilgrims traveling to Jerusalem and were given lodgings by King Balduin II in the palatium or templum Salomonis (Al-Aqṣā Mosque),…

Cite this page
Sarnowsky, Jürgen, “Templar Order”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 April 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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