Religion Past and Present

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(290 words)

[German Version]

There are 23 Syriac expositions traditionally ascribed to “Afrahat (Aphraates), the Persian sage.” Gennadius Vir. ill. 1 (= 136) and the Armenian tradition mistakenly identify the author with the renowned Jacob of Edessa (from Nisibis), who as bishop of Edessa took part in the Council of Nicea. Little is known of Afrahat's life and person. He describes himself as a celibate ascetic, one of the so-called “sons of the covenant” (18, 1, 12); he was active in the western region of the Sassanid Empire (10, 9). His literary corpus …

Cite this page
Bruns, Peter, “Afrahat”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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