Religion Past and Present

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(151 words)

[German Version]

arose c. 1930 in Jamaica under the influence of the Afro-American nationalist M. Garvey. It is a pan-African new religion that venerates the Ethiopian emperor (Ras Tafari [Haile Selassie]) as the messianic liberator of the black race. The world of the whites is rejected as evil (Babylon). Since the Bible is considered to have been falsified by white Christendom, the black diaspora develops new theological theories, and hopes for a return to Africa (Zion). Special importance is att…

Cite this page
Kamphausen, Erhard, “Rastafarianism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 July 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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