Religion Past and Present

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(188 words)

[German Version]

(called the Syrian; dates unknown). Marius Mercator mentions a Rufinus natione Syrus who taught in Rome c. 400 (Commonitorium adversus haeresim Pelagii, Praefatio). He is probably identical with the author of Liber de fide who rejected inheritance of Adam’s sin (Original Sin) and assigned a neutral place to children who die unbaptized. This position was discussed in Carthage c. 411 and opposed by Augustine of Hippo (in his De peccatorum meritis et remissione; his familiarity with Liber de fide is uncertain, but cf. Liber de fide 40, pagina 114.23–27 and De peccatorum m…

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Drecoll, Volker Henning, “Rufinus”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 28 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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