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Ephraem the Syrian
(403 words)

[German Version]

Ephraem Syrus (c. 306 in or near Nisibis – 373 Edessa) was according to Barhadbešabba initially an ascetic and a pupil of bishop James of Nisibis, in whose school he later became a teacher (PO 4, 377). According to Sozomen, Hist. eccl. III 166, and Jerome, De viris illustribus 115, Ephraem occupied the office of deacon. The destruction of Nicomedia by an earthquake in 358 (Gennadius, De viris illustribus 3.67) as well as the pagan restoration policies of Emperor Julian (361–363) are reflected in Ephraem's work. After the cession of Nisibis to the…

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Bruns, Peter, “Ephraem the Syrian”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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