Religion Past and Present

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Maslow, Abraham Harold
(280 words)

[German Version]

(Apr 1, 1908, Brooklyn, NY–Jun 8, 1970, Menlo Park, CA), co-founder of humanist psychology and an important inspirer of transpersonal psychology. In his “holistic-dynamic” theory Maslow distinguishes hierarchically ordered classes of fundamental needs. Physiological needs, needs for security, belonging and self-esteem, which are described as D-needs (from “deficiency”), are basic. If there is a lack of them, this triggers a purposeful reaction (Motive/Motivation) in order to provide what is missing, and thus for a time reduce the need. At th…

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van Belzen, Jacob A., “Maslow, Abraham Harold”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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