Religion Past and Present

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A priori/a posteriori
(572 words)

[German Version]

I. The distinction between a priori ("from the former") and a posteriori ("from the latter") is used by philosophy on various levels.

1. Fundamental is the epistemological distinction between two kinds of epistemic (i.e. cognitive) justifications (e.g. grounds or proofs). A justification is a priori if it is not based on experience; otherwise it is a posteriori. The result is an important distinction between two kinds of knowledge: a true conviction involves a priori knowledge when it can be justified a priori (i.e., independent of experience), otherwise a posterior…

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Willaschek, Marcus, “A priori/a posteriori”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 26 September 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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