Religion Past and Present

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(449 words)

[German Version]

is the conventional term for a Christological conception that denies Christ's preexistence and generation before all time, maintaining instead that God adopted the human Jesus as Son.

I. Two theologians from Asia Minor are mentioned as exponents of Adoptionism in early Christianity: Theodotus the Money-Changer (or Banker) and Theodotus (or Theodotus of Byzantium). As heads of schools in Rome in the late 2nd and early 3rd centuries, they formulated a Christology that considers Jesus Christ an outstandingly devout human being, be…

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Löhr, Winrich A., “Adoptionism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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