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African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
(185 words)

[German Version]

In the 1790s tensions arose between whites and free blacks in the Methodist Episcopal Church in New York City. As a result, blacks founded a Zion Church and a denomination of black Methodists in 1820. James Varick became the first superintendent or bishop. Disagreements with the African Methodist Episcopal Church resulted in the addition of the word Zion. The congregations follow the rules of the Doctrines and Disciplines. A General Conference is the supreme lawmaking body and meets every four years. A Connectional Council sets the budget. A Boar…

Cite this page
Smylie, James, “African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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