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Agnes, Saint
(165 words)

[German Version]

was a Roman martyr (Western feast day Jan 21, Eastern Jul 5). According to 4th-century tradition (Depositio Martyrum of 354), the Roman martyr – spared from the flames – was stabbed or beheaded under Diocletian (or Valerian?). The name and legend of Agnes, who suffered dual martyrdom for the sake of decency and religion (Ambr., Virg. I 2.9), could have developed in Rome (as well as in Trier) from the Greek virtue ἁγνός (hagnos). Since late Constantinian times, her cult has been localized in the via Nomentana in the vicinity of the circular basilica (with mausoleum)…

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Wischmeyer, Wolfgang, “Agnes, Saint”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 29 July 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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