Religion Past and Present

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(302 words)

[German Version]

is a heretical sect of Vedic religion founded in the 6th century bce by Makhali Gosāla, a contemporary of Jina Mahāvīra and perhaps also of Buddha Gautama, in Sāvatthi (modern Maheth in eastern India). Their view of life, as known from the literature of their opponents (Buddhists, Jains, later also Śaivas), apparently regarded fate (Sanskrit niyati) as the driving force in the universe and denied causality, which brought them the animosity of the Buddhists, in particular. The name Ājīvika may mean "monk for a lifetime," as many mendic…

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Bollée, Willem, “Ājīvika”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 January 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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