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Alexander I, Tsar
(160 words)

[German Version]

(Dec 12, 1777, St. Petersburg – Nov 11, 1825, Taganrog), Tsar of Russia (1801–1825). The oldest son of Paul I was reared under the guidance of his grandmother Catherine II by the liberal Swiss F.C. de La Harpe in the spirit of the Enlightenment. After a palace revolt, Alexander acceded to rule in 1801 and began a comprehensively conceived, but only half-heartedly executed policy of reform. As leader of the coalition against Napoleon, Alexander saw himself as “the Savior of Europe” and, under the influence of mystical and pietistic trends (B.J. v. Krüdener, F.X. v. Baader, J…

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Hagemeister, Michael, “Alexander I, Tsar”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 09 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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