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Alexander II, Tsar
(160 words)

[German Version]

(Apr 17, 1818, Moscow – Mar 1, 1881, St. Petersburg), Tsar of Russia (1855–1881). In domestic policy, the epoch of the “reform tsar” is rightly considered a turning-point. As the core of the reforms, the law abolishing serfdom was issued on Feb 19, 1861, the reform of the justice system, among other things, in 1864. Cultural institutions received expanded rights of autonomy. In 1864, representatives of Orthodox Churches obtained the half authorization of “rules for the institution…

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Oswalt, Julia, “Alexander II, Tsar”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 08 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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