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Alexander Jannaeus
(162 words)

[German Version]

(Jonathan, 103–76 bce), Hasmonean king of Judea and high priest, son of Hyrcanus. After successfully surviving Cleopatra III's and Ptolemy IX Lathyrus's invasions of Palestine at the outset of his reign, Alexander embarked on ambitious campaigns to expand the borders of the Hasmonean kingdom, since the kingdoms of the Ptolemaic dynasty and the Seleucids were weakened and Rome was still distant (Tacitus, Historiae 5.8.3). The 80s bce witnessed a long civil war, in which Alexander's leaning toward the Sadducees played a role. He pursued his enemies relentless…

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Schwartz, Daniel R., “Alexander Jannaeus”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 08 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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