Religion Past and Present

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(906 words)

[German Version]

I. History of Religion – II. Missiology

I. History of Religion

Amitābha (Sanskrit), “(Buddha of) infinite light,” or Amitāyus, “(Buddha of) infinite life” (Buddha); Chinese O-mi-t'o, Japanese Amida (Buddha of the West) is associated with Bodhisattva, Avalokiteśvara, and Mahāsthāmaprāpta. These three figures are a frequent theme of Buddhist iconography. The cult of Amitābha seems to have begun in north-west India, possibly under the influence of the Zoroastrian cult of Ahura Mazdā. By the 3rd century ce, the …

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Astley, Ian and May, John, “Amitābha”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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