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(213 words)

[German Version]

are a common-law tax, collected since the 11th century by the grantor of a benefice, which involved the first-year receipts of the benefice (fructus, reditus et proventus primi anni) or half of the annual yield (media annata). In parallel with the increasing papal reservations of filling vacancies, the Curia reserved the annates for itself and expanded them – apart from the papal tithe and prerogatives to fill vacancies – into a central source of revenue in its system of taxation and dues. In 1376 annates received their final form under Gregory X. They were collected by…

Cite this page
Kalb, Herbert, “Annates”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 23 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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