Religion Past and Present

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(2,868 words)

[German Version]

I. New Testament – II. Church History – III. Theology

I. New Testament

1. The term ἀντίχριστος appears in Christian literature only in 1 John 2:18, 22; 4:3; 2 John 7, and, dependent on these texts, Pol. Phil 7:1. There it refers to someone who turns against Christ and the confession of Christ, not – as would be linguistically possible – someone who seeks to take the place of Christ; in context, it refers to theological opponents collectively. The neologism introduced b…

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Klauck, Hans-Josef, Leppin, Volker, George, Martin and Sparn, Walter, “Antichrist”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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