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Antiochus III and IV
(476 words)

[German Version]

(the Great; died 187 bce) and IV (Epiphanes; died 164 bce, Elymais), father and son, were Seleucid kings in Syria. Antiochus III reigned from 223 bce until his death and was able to enlarge the borders of his kingdom greatly: his "Anabasis" of the years 212-205, to Armenia, Iran, Bactria, India, and Arabia, won him the title "the Great." In 200 bce he took Palestine from the Ptolemies (Ptolemaic dynasty) in the Fifth Syrian War. In the 190s Antiochus entered Thrace and mainland Greece. He became involved in war with Rome, which had just recently fi…

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Schwartz, Daniel R., “Antiochus III and IV”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_00817>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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