Religion Past and Present

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(129 words)

[German Version]

(died after 180), the most important disciple of Marcion, was a Christian teacher in Alexandria and Rome. He moderated his master's dualism: below the highest, good God there are two angelic deities, namely the creator of the world and the “fiery” God of the OT. Christ forms his body from the matter of the heavenly bodies. Apelles applied rationalist criticism to the OT. His norms were Marcion's “NT” canon (and a gospel of his own?), as well as the Revelations (phaneroseis) of the prophetess Philumene. The latter are no longer extant, nor are his Syllogisms.


Cite this page
May, Gerhard, “Apelles”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 05 March 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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