I. New Testament – II. Representations of the Apostles
I. New Testament
1. The term.
The verbal adjective ἀπόστολος/apóstolos (from apostéllein), as a term for being sent was also used in Greek substantivally, but was not a terminus technicus. Outside political contexts, it occurs rarely in philosophical texts. The roots of the NT concept lie in the OT and Judaism, where the verb שׁלח/šalaḥ plays an important role; the participle is rare, the noun is late and may not yet be presumed …