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Apostolic Council (Council of Jerusalem)
(171 words)

[German Version]

The term “Apostolic Council” refers to the meeting between representatives of primarily Gentile Christian communities (Paul, Barnabas) with the leaders of the original Palestinian community (the so-called “pillars” – James, the brother of Jesus, Peter, and John, the son of Zebedee) in Jerusalem c. 48, as described in Gal 2 and Acts 15. They discussed the demand of Jewish Christians that Gentile Christians be circumcised and thus be obliged to accept the requirements of the Torah. Three decisions were reached: (a) The Jerusalem pillars would …

Cite this page
Lüdemann, Gerd, “Apostolic Council (Council of Jerusalem)”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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